Types of Stainless Steel

In the field of Stainless Steel, Scoda Tube is the worldwide pioneer. Our clients use it to make human advancement’s essential structures and its most acclaimed tourist spots. Stainless steel is feasible, sturdy and intended to keep going forever, Its basic qualities makes it good enough to sustain long time.

Stainless steels are traditionally been separated into the sorts which relying upon their microstructure at room temperature, which gives a harsh sign of their properties as well as composition. Scoda Tubes marked Stainless steels can be isolated into the primary sorts, these are: Austenitic stainless steel, Ferritic stainless steel, Martensitic stainless steel, Duplex stainless steel, Precipitation hardening Stainless Steel. These are named by the microstructure natural in each steel gathering-an element of the essential alloying components.

The fundamental alloying component in Stainless steels is chromium normally it is middle of 10-20%. Stainless Steel is esteemed because of its high erosion obstruction (also known as corrosion resistance). Stainless steel is around 200 times more impervious to erosion than the mild aka gentle steel.

Now let’s see each type of stainless steel one by one

1. Austenitic stainless steel


At the point when nickel is added to Stainless steel in adequate sums the Crystal gem structure changes to “austenite”. The fundamental composition of austenitic Stainless steels is 18% chromium and 8% nickel. Austenitic evaluations are the most generally utilized Stainless steels representing over 70% of the production still, the type 304 is the most regularly determined review by a long shot.

Fundamental properties

• Magnificent erosion opposition aka corrosion resistance

• Magnificent weldability-the complete procedures

• Magnificent formability, fabricability and malleability

• Magnificent cleanability, and cleanliness attributes

• Eood high and magnificent low temperature properties

• Non magnetic (whenever strengthened)

• Hardenable by cool work as it were

Basic uses

• Hugely use in PC keyboard’s key springs -301.

• It uses in kitchen sinks, that is 304D.

• In Food preparing hardware it also utilized.

• Uses in Compositional applications

• It used in the Chemical Synthetic plant and hardware.

2. Ferritic stainless steel


These are plain chromium Stainless steels with shifting chromium content somewhere in middle of the range of 12 and 18%, however along with the low carbon content.

Fundamental properties

• Moderate to great erosion obstruction expanding with chromium content
• Not hardenable by warmth treatment and constantly utilized in the tempered condition attractive
• It’s Weldability is poor
• Formability not in the same class as the austenitics

Basic uses

• The trim of Automobile industry (430)

• debilitates in Automotives (409)

• Colliery hardware (3CR12)

• High temp water tanks (444)

3. Martensitic stainless steel


Martensitic Stainless steels were the main Stainless steels economically created such as cutlery, and have moderately high carbon content (in middle of 0.1 – 1.2%) contrasted with different Stainless steels. They are plain chromium steels containing somewhere in the range of 12 and 18% chromium.

Fundamental properties

• moderate consumption obstruction

• can be solidified by warmth treatment and thusly high quality and hardness levels can be accomplished

• It has poor weldability

• attractive

Basic uses

• cut sharp edges

• careful instruments

• uses for shafts

• for shafts

• for pins

4. Duplex stainless steel


These are stainless steels containing generally high chromium-somewhere in the middle range of 18 and 28%, and moderate measures of nickel which is somewhere in the range of 4.5 and 8%. The nickel content is inadequate to produce a completely austenitic structure and the subsequent mix of ferritic and austenitic structures is called duplex. Most duplex steels contain molybdenum in a scope of 2.5 – 4%.

Essential properties

• High protection from stress erosion splitting

• Expanded protection from chloride particle assault

• Higher pliable and yield quality than austenitic or ferritic steels

• Great weldability and formability

Basic uses

• Marine applications, especially at somewhat lifted temperatures

• Desalination plant

• Warmth exchangers

• Petrochemical plant

5. Precipitation hardening Stainless Steel


Precipitation solidifying stainless steels have been defined with the goal that they can be provided in an answer treated condition, (in which they are machineable) and can be solidified, after creation, in a solitary low temperature “maturing” process.

Fundamental properties

• Moderate to great consumption opposition

• It has High quality

• It contains the great weldability.

• It is Attractive

Basic uses

• It used in Shafts for siphons and valves

Scoda Tubes Limited has a reason to expand utilization of stainless steels in world and fulfilling the clients by giving best class quality. We are well known for providing top quality Steels such as Austenitic stainless steel, Ferritic stainless steel, Martensitic stainless steel, Duplex stainless steel, and Precipitation hardening Stainless Steel. The establishment of our business is our capacity to tailor stainless steel into any frame and for any reason.

Scoda Tubes Limited is one of the leading Manufacturers and Exporters of Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes in India. We mainly produce Stainless Steel Seamless & Welded – Pipes, Tubes, Heat Exchanger Tubes, High Precision and Instrumentation Tubing.


We have the expertise to manufacture Seamless Stainless Steel Tubing with assuring Quality of Closer Dimensional Tolerances and higher corrosion resistance Stainless Steel Seamless Tube. We use the finest quality of raw material to produce Stainless Steel Heat Exchanger Tubes, which ISO, IBR, EIL, and OHSAS certified.


We are also one of the largest Stainless Steel Seamless Pipe exporters from India. We provide Stainless Steel Seamless Pipe in different NB Sizes, Schedule sizes, and Grades as per customer’s requirements.


Our Stainless Steel manufacturing unit is capable of producing large and customized order from our client around the world. Mail us for more information about our stainless Steel Seamless and Welded – Pipes, Tubes, and Heat Exchanger Tubes.


Scoda Tubes Ltd. – Stainless Steel Pipes and Tubes Manufacturer in India.